The Definitive Leica M3 Review

Leica M3 with 50mm lens and Leicameter

Leica M3, Leica Dual Range 50mm Summicron Lens and LeicaMeter. Photographed by Brian Johnson


You have just arrived at the ultimate Leica M3 technical review. It’s roughly sixty years overdue but better late than never…I had wanted to review the Leica M3 for quite a while but I  first decided to review the Pentax K1000 and the Olympus Pen EES-2.This is only the first of many articles on the Leica M3 and shooting with rangefinder cameras. I guess I should justify why I this is the definitive Leica M3 review.

Firstly, I’ve read virtually everything there is to read on the Leica M3 and I don’t think any of the reviews online do the Leica M3 justice.
Secondly, it’s a wonderful tool but it’s not cheap so it’s quite right that a prospective buyer does plenty of research before deciding to purchase. This review was written to help prospective buyers make the right decision for them. At the end of this post you can find various links to resources about the M3.Finally, I am passionate about photography and the Leica M3 and I want to share that passion. I don’t think it’s that important what tool you use but it’s a nice feeling to use the best.
If you are looking to purchase a Leica M3 then you owe it to yourself to read this. It may save you thousands of dollars and hundreds of hours. Remember this is a technical review, the real world review and Leica M3 user guide is coming out soon. My aim is to eventually have a Leica M3 page with links to all the various related articles on AndBeThere.

Let’s begin!



Leica M3 Review – Contents


Leica M3 Review – Prelude


Leica M3 with Dual Range Summicron
Before I start this Leica M3 review, I would like to say one thing. If you are thinking about getting a Leica M3 I highly recommend you go the Nike way and “Just Do It”. As long as you buy it from a reputable dealer, it’s a risk-free investment.


Once you have a Leica M3 you will never have to buy another camera again. Not only will you not have to buy another camera again, you will never want to. The Leica M3 is the ultimate GAS (Gear Aquisition Syndrome) Buster.


Well, that’s a slight lie… you will have so much fun using this camera that you will be burning through 35mm film like there’s no tomorrow. In case you are wondering, there is a tomorrow for film because it’s not going away any time soon.


What I find truly amazing about the Leica M3 is how cheap it is! If you shop around you can usually find one in great condition with a 50mm f\2 lens for a fraction of the price of only the camera body of today’s digital Leica M cameras such as the Leica M9, Leica Monochrom and the new Leica M Type 240. In 5 or 10 years time you will still be enjoying the Leica M3 while the digital Leicas will already be very expensive paperweights.


The Leica M3 is also cheaper than many cameras from inferior  camera manufactures such as Canon, Nikon & Sony. Heck, it’s even cheaper than it’s artless digital counterfeit, the Fuji X100 and X100s.  What’s not to like?


While reading this Leica M3 review please keep in mind that  it’s still just a tool and than the limiting factor is actually what you point at it. No camera is  going to make you a better photographer just by owning it. By actually using it, on the other hand, you might find yourself inspired by using such a high quality tool and you might also  note that your style slowly changes as you adapt to the M3 and you learn to calculate exposure in your head and pre-visualise a scene before the decisive moment happens.




Leica M3 Review – Introduction


Leica M3

Photographed by Sosadday


The Leica M3 is perhaps the one camera that does not actually require an introduction. Voted by STUFF Magazine and Ebay as the “Top Gadget of All Time”


The epitome of vintage style, the Leica M3’s modern incarnations are still held as pinnacles of camera design and lusted by photographer all over the world.


Just the fact that since the Leica M3’s introduction 1954, the basic design of Leica M cameras has not really changed is a testament to how well conceived the Leica M3 is. In fact, one could argue that Leica built such a great camera that they haven’t really done much else since.  The Leica MP, introduced in 2003, nearly 50 years after the Leica M3, is just an inferior, and far more expensive, modern copy.The Leica M3 is Leica’s greatest achievement and also a stark reminder of it’s glorious past.


The Leica M3 was in production for 13 years. Do you know how many M cameras Leica has released in the last 13 years? Eight! That’s roughly one camera every 18 months. You have the Leica M7, MP, M8, M8.2, M9, M9P, M-E and the Leica M Type 240. Leica have become just like every other camera manufacturer in the digital world, pumping out a new camera every 18 months to two years.  That’s not even counting their partnership with Panasonic!


Leica M3 Review – Technical Information


 Leica M3 Technical Information
Although it’s called the Leica M3 it’s actually the first Leica M camera. This is because the 3 was symbolised the fact that the Leica M3 had three focal length frames in the viewfinder. These were 50mm, 90 & 135mm. What I don’t understand is why Leica ever bothered making any other M cameras since…


Unsurprisingly, the Leica M3 was, and still is, the best-selling Leica M camera ever with just over 220,000 cameras sold from 1954 until 1966.


The Leica M3 is a fully manual rangefinder camera. No messing around with electronics that break for no reason. Well, no reason except to force you to buy more stuff!


The Leica M3 uses the M mount which was developed by Leica in the ’50s. The Leica M3 can accept ALL the Leica M lenses ever made and also all the older screwmount (M39) Leica lenses made since 1933 (via an adapter).  That’s pretty damn cool.


Plenty of other manufactures have built M mount lenses. These include:


  • Carl Zeiss
  • Voigtländer
  • Minolta
  • Konica
  • Elcan
  • Rollei


Want a hot investment tip? Buy Leica lenses. They only go up in value and you can use them while enjoying capital appreciation! You are virtually actually being paid to use the world’s finest optics!


The Leica M introduced many “firsts” for an accessorised Leica camera including:


  • All scales and controls can be read and set while viewing the camera from the top.
  •  A single viewfinder/rangefinder window. This meant that for the first time, Leica users could focus and frame their shot by looking through the same window! We will talk more about this amazing viewfinder a little later.
  • A coupled rangefinder of longer base for greater focusing accuracy.
  • Both split-image and coincident type rangefinder.
  • Automatic Paralax compensation (the frame-lines move to keep the framing more accurate when focusing at different distances)
  • All shutter speeds are on one dial which can be set before or after winding to the next frame. Intermediate speeds may also be set.
  •  Built-in automatic universal finder.
  • Interlocking shutter release.
  • Automatic resetting exposure counter.
  • Rapid lens interchange (no more screwing a lens on and off).
  • Parallel focusing mounts with click stops and uniform flange diameters.
  • Built-in self-timer variable from 5 to 10 seconds.
  • Cold weather operation while wearing heavy mittens.
  • Full compensating synchronization for flash/electronic units.
  • Automatic resetting rewind level.
  • Hinged back for foolproof loading.
  • Glass pressure plate of larger size and longer precision-ground film tracks (Leica later stopped using glass pressure plates on later Leica M3s).
  • Coupled exposure meter with wide sensitivity range (using the Leicameter).


While this may all sound pretty standard now that’s just because the Leica M3 made it the standard. It was such a huge leap forward that it took competitors quite a few years before they caught up. This allowed Leica to charge a 50% premium on previous Leica models and they still sold two hundred thousand M3s.  Can you imagine the outrage if Leica priced their new Leica M Type 240 at roughly £7500 (over $11,000 or €8,500)!


Leica M3 Review – Build Quality



Leica M3 - Photographed by --Mike--

Leica M3 – Photographed by –Mike–


Build quality is a tough one to pin down. Everybody talks about it, Leica is famous for it but most people could not give you a clear concise definition. Build quality is the overall quality of the construction, design and execution of a product. This can include factors such as finish, reliability, the use of premium materials and feel. The last factor in particular is very subjective but I can tell you that the Leica M3 does “feel” special. When you hold it in your hand it screams quality.  It’s a REAL™ camera.




Unsurprisingly, REAL™ cameras are made from metal. REAL™ cameras are not light and they can take a beating, as well as give one. REAL™ cameras have interchangeable lenses and full manual controls. No hand holding here. REAL™ cameras don’t need a light-meter because real cameras are shot by real photographers who can use their eyes to guess know the exposure. Occasionally, REAL™ cameras do have a light-meter but the real photographers take the battery out and donate it to charity. An example of such a REAL™ camera is the Pentax K1000. The Leica M3 is a REAL™ camera. It’s made out of metal, weighs a fair bit and is fully manual. If attach a Leica 50mm Summicron lens you have, in my opinion, the finest photographic kit available to mankind. You will be using it for the rest of your life.




Leica M3 Shell

The Leica M3 is perhaps the finest tool I have ever held.  Like playing on a Steinway, you can feel that it’s very, very special.

Let me give you an example:

The guy who tunes my grand-piano owns a shop which sells Steinways. He also has a workshop for repairing the mechanics (but not the body) of Steinway grand-pianos.  Recently he had visited  a Steinway factory abroad and had come back with a small piece of wood that is part of the hammer mechanism. They had given it to him because it had not been up to their tight  Steinway standards and so it couldn’t used.


For fun, we decided to compare it to a part in one of the Steinways inside the workshop. The faulty part was perhaps half a millimeter too short. Then, we replaced it inside a working piano and guess what, the hammer whose mechanism had been changed would not strike the strings inside the piano! We are talking about a single small part weighing a hundred grams which is part of a piano which is made up of thousands of parts and weighs hundreds of kilograms.



The Leica M3 is was built to a similar standard. Each part has to be just right. The tolerances in production were very tight because they had to be. It’s such an incredible piece of engineering that if they had allowed themselves to be sloppy on the production line they would have been flooded with faulty returns.

Let think about what it takes just to be able to focus properly with a Leica M3.

  • As it’s a rangefinder, the flange-to-film distance has to be exactly right.
  •  Then, the infinity settings on the rangefinder also has to spot on as well as the rate of change in the focus of the rangefinder.
  •  The lens needs to be collimated correctly
  • You also have to taken into account that the focal length of the lens actually changes while you focus.

Every single one of these factors [and others] has to be spot on, otherwise you will find that you can’t focus correctly. At Leica they don’t mess around.



Today, the average person’s contact with something “well made” is with the latest incarnation of the iPhone. They really have no idea.The Leica M3 is on an entirely new level.My Leica M3 is almost 60 years old, it’s been used it’s entire life and it still looks brand new. iPhones rarely make it past the two year mark without falling apart.

Leica still service the M3 and parts are still being made. I think that’s speaks volumes about the quality and longevity of the Leica M3.

It’s the camera that you will be able to pass on to your [grand]children.


When I let someone hold my Leica M3 [a very rare occasion!] the first thing notice is the weight.It’s much heavier than it looks. The Leica M3 is solid, it’s dense. If you shake it you won’t hear anything moving inside. When I say the Leica M3 is heavier than it looks I don’t mean that is heavy per se – with a 50mm f/2 lens it’s roughly 1kg.I don’t find it a problem having the M3 slung around my shoulder all day long and it’s still only half the weight of a full-frame digital SLR system.  The digital Leica Ms are roughly the same weight as the Leica M3.

Of course, if weight is really so much of an issue then I would recommend using something very portable like the lovely Olympus Pen EES-2, or just buy a new iPhone ever two years.

Leica M3 Review – Top Plate

Leica M3 Top Plate

Leica M3 Top Plate – Photographed by –Mike–

Leica M3 Shutter Speed Dial

The shutter speed dial on the M3 is rock solid. The shutter speeds are very well engraved, you won’t have any problems reading them decades from now. The Leica M3 supports shutter speeds from 1/1000s all the way to 1s and it also has a B (bulb) mode for longer exposures. A tripod and cable release are required for this. It also has flash sync up to 1/50sIt has firm clicks on each speed and does not move a millimeter otherwise. Interestingly, you can set intermediate shutter speeds which is pretty cool. I often end up using this feature as exposure compensation!You will find it very difficult, if not impossible, to change the shutter speed by accident. It’s also quite small as it was originally designed to be used with a LeicaMeter.  Of course, we don’t need to use such primitive tools anymore, we just learn the basics of photography inside out and then learn to read the light with our eyes! It’s far quicker and in the long term it will make you a much better photographer.

Leica M3 Shutter Release Button

Before we talk about the shutter release button let’s talk about the shutter itself. It’s a horizontal cloth focal-plane shutter with a maximum speed of 1/1000s and a maximum flash sink of 1/50. Real photographers don’t use flash because it’s horrible so it’s actually irrelevant anyway.The only type of shutter quieter is the leaf shutter but then you generally need a leaf shutter in every lens which drives up the price. It’s pretty damn quiet anyway. A word of warning: Do not point the Leica M3 directly at the sun with a lens wide open or you will burn a hole in the shutter curtain.
A lot has been said online about the famous silky-smooth Leica M3 shutter release button but something happened the other day which made me realise just how sensitive and smooth it really is. We had a family gathering and I gave the Leica M3 to my sister’s fiance so he could take a picture of my sister and I. He looked down at the camera and placed his finger on the shutter release button and just in the motion of raising the camera to his eye he tripped the shutter. This happened twice. It’s incredibly sensitive and because there are no electronic systems, such as auto focus or auto exposure, linked to the shutter release
button so it’s one smooth motion.Fortunately, the shutter release button is threaded for standard cable releases so you can pick up any “el-cheapo” cable and it will work. This is great because Leica accessories are normally several times more expensive than market prices, but they also generally have a lovely embossed “L” on them so I guess for some people that’s worth every penny.Did I mention how quiet it is? Often when I’ve taken portraits of people they didn’t even realise the shot had already been taken! It’s orders of magnitude quieter than any (D)SLR camera ever. When I spoke to the staff at the Leica Shop in Vienna they told me that the  at one time in Austria it was the only camera allowed in court. I don’t know if that’s the truth but it wouldn’t be surprising if it was!



Leica M3 Flash Shoe


Don’t use flash. Just don’t. You could, but don’t. Natural light portraits are just so much nicer.Erik Kim uses flash on a Leica. That alone is enough reason not to use flash on the M3.The flash shoe is not there for flash. It’s really there for external viewfinders if you happen to be shooting really wide lenses or if you buy yourself one of those lovely Voigtlander light meters because you aren’t man enough to guess exposure. You could also put a Leicameter on it if you really wanted to, but we will be covering that in a post in the near future.

Just promise you won’t use it for flash. Promise.

Some actual information:

Leica was about 50 years quicker than Apple at realising that if you use your own proprietary system you can make a fair bit of money selling all the related systems…

The rear flash sync terminals on the Leica M3 are unique. Unlike with Apple, this was soundly rejected worldwide and so now you are left with two choices:

  1. Use an adapter. As this sticks out a couple of centimeters from the camera it will cut a small gash into your forehead every time you look through the viewfinder. This is the preferred solution for die-hard Leica fanatics as they are quite comparable to the Opus Dei sect of the Catholic Church, minus the wip.
  2. You could pay an expert Leica repairman to fit a standard connector. Be careful, the previously mentioned Leica fanatics may kill on sight if they spot this.

Also, if your flash doesn’t have a PC cable connector then you need yet another adaptor for that…

Electronic flash only syncs up to 1/50s which is not that useful, but you shouldn’t be using it anyway. Flashbulbs have fully automatic synchronisation all way up to the maximum shutter speed of 1/1000s. Both connections may be used simultaneously.

The real reason I say that you shouldn’t use flash on the Leica M3 (with the exception that Erik Kim uses flash on a Leica) is that it’s an absolutely pain in the ass to deal with all the adapters.

PS: Of course, you can use flash! You shouldn’t let anyone, especially me, tell you what you can and cannot do! 



Leica M3 Frame Counter


It self resets when you unload your finished film (or when the take-up spool is removed, to be more exact). That was a pretty cool feature in 1954 but even my Pentax K1000 can do this.  Funnily enough, the Leica M2 cannot!
The frame counter on the Leica M3 can count up to 40 frames and has hash marks that go up to frame 44. I don’t quite understand the reason for this because even if you load your film onto Leica M3 in the dark you will still only be able to shoot 38 or 39 frames. Perhaps freaky people (perverts or communists) who bulk load their own 35mm film can put 44 frames inside one 35mm film canister.
One area of improvement could be to add a shutter ready indicator like on the Pentax K1000.

Leica M3 Top Plate Script


Not a huge amount to say about this. It’s engraved nicely and looks pretty cool.
You’ve got the Leica logo engraved and then “M3 – xxx xxx”
The xxx xxx is the serial number of your M3.I guess this is as good a time as any to talk about the different Leica M3 models.  There were quite a few changes made to the M3 in the 12 years in was in production. We will go over them in a separate article but the main difference is that on the earlier models you have to use two strokes to advance the film while the later models only required one stroke. Check back soon for a post on all the various M3 models over the years.It really doesn’t make much difference.

Serial numbers start at 700,000 and the ones over 1.1 million are sought after by collectors and so tend to be more valuable. This is because there is a myth that those M3s are better built because the workers were more experienced.  That’s a load of bollocks but if you find one at a good price it’s probably worth getting as it has all the improvements that were made over those 12 years.

Again, I wouldn’t worry too much about it…

Leica M3 Film Advance Lever


It’s nice that the M3’s film advance lever is made completely of metal instead of the plastic tipped ones found in later Leica M cameras. A word that is often used when describing the feel is “buttery-smooth” and I also think that this sums it up pretty damn well.

As mention above, earlier M3s have a dual stroke mechanism while later M3s have a single stroke. Both types are finely ratcheted so you can use a single stroke M3 as a dual stroke if you so wish, or even a 3 or 4 stroke…

A quick note, if your dual stroke M3 has problems with the film advance and you send it off to Leica they will not repair it but convert it to single stroke.

Leica M3 Film Rewind Knob


It’s pretty much the slowest possible method to rewind your film. Most models have two red dots that turn when you wind to the next frame so you know the film is advancing. There is the possibly of buying a crank to speed up the winding process but it’s hideously expensive.


Leica M3 Review – Bottom Plate

Leica M3 Bottom Plate

Why doesn’t it open like other cameras?


Perhaps the first thing you notice about the bottom of the Leica M3 is that it can be detached.  Leica claim that by using this system for accessing the inside of the camera the camera body is structurally more stable. Considering that there are tons of really tough SLRs which had a swing back door I don’t really buy this…

Loading the Leica M3

Let there be no question about it. At first, loading the M3 really is a pain in the ass but it get’s easier with experience. It’s not particularly quick and it’s best done at a table. While most people see this as a problem I generally tend to go to a bar and order a coffee while I switch rolls. I admit it’s a tad fiddly but it’s a small price to pay for using such a superb camera.

If you are really a speed demon then you have two choices:

  1. Buy a second bit [find name] to stick the film  in and pre do it on your next roll
  2. Get your M3 converted to the quick loading mechanism. Like blah blah, this will also put you in the crosshairs of diehard Leica fanatics.
Or, you could just have a coffee…

Tripod Mount


Another pain in the ass. It’s not centred and also different market versions use different sized tripod screws and it gets very confusing from there…
  • Leica M3s designed for the American market use a 1/8″ tripod screw.
  • Leica M3s designed for the European market use a 3/8″ tripod screw.
  • Obviously, there wasn’t much of an Asian market back in the ’50s as they don’t get their unique tripod size.
  • There are adaptors that allow you to downsize the larger tripod screw on  a European M3 to the smaller American M3 tripod screw.
  • A European M3 will fit into a case made for an American M3 but not the other way round.

Note: all the Leica M3s were made in Germany with the exception of a small batch made in Canada.

Leica M3 Review – The Viewfinder

Leica M3 Viewfinder Angle

Leica M3 — Photographed by –Mike–

The Leica M3’s viewfinder is really where the magic is. It’s by far the best and brightest viewfinder I have ever looked through. There are no distractions; no LED light, no numbers, only one set of clear frame-lines for you to frame your subject with.

If you think about it carefully, the most important part of photography is your vision and so the most important part of the camera must be the viewfinder. You will spend a long time looking through the viewfinder in your camera so you might as well have the best one available.

The Leica M3 is the best Leica M  just beycase it gives give you all the features you need and none of the ones you don’t but because the viewfinder is so much better and brighter than any other Leica M camera, including the Leica M9 and the Leica M Type 240. It’s also the only viewfinder that’s not prone to flare.

No other Leica M gives you such a beautiful distraction-free composing space. You have everything you need and nothing more:

Leica M3 50mm Framelines

Leica M3 50mm Frame Lines


Leica M3 90mm Framelines

90mm Frame Lines


The Leica M3’s viewfinder is much better than any other Leica M because it has a higher magnification, it doesn’t flare and it’s much more accurate for focusing, especially with fast lenses wide open. If you have the money, Leica offer the 50mm Noctilux-m which has a maximum aperture of f/0.95! Of course, at $11,000 , it’s not exactly cheap.


The Leica M3’s framelines are always uncluttered and there is nothing in them except the rangefinder spot. Shooting the Leica M3 is a breath of fresh air after using other cameras.

135mm Frame Lines

135mm Frame Lines


The Leica M3 has a viewfinder magnification of 0.91X which is unmatched in any other Leica M camera.  It’s so fantastically large and bright that you can keep both eyes open when looking through it and look at the world as you normally would. The frame-lines will just float in your vision. It’s absolutely superb if you are shooting sports or action. That’s Leica magic.

Leica M3 Review – Conclusion


Girl with Leica M3

And there you go. That’s it.  You’ve been given all the technical information you need about the Leica M3.
Stay tuned as a “real-world” review is coming soon which will actually be a mix between a user’s guide and a review.It’s a superb camera and it could well be the only one you will ever need.
I always like to end my camera reviews with a reminder that your equipment doesn’t really matter. A Leica doesn’t take good pictures, good photographers do.
While it can be nice to own great stuff it also has its downsides. For example, if you own expensive equipment you are more mindful of it when you are out and about and you may worry about it instead of enjoying your day.

Make sure to subscribe to as there is plenty more coming about the Leica M3 and photography in general, including a “Leica M3 Tips and Tricks” article. (Just like the one for the Pentax K1000)

I would like to give you the links to other reviews and articles which I found useful while doing my research for this piece. I will add to this list over time so check back at a later date. You can also read my Introduction to the Leica M3. If you can’t quite stretch your finances for a Leica M3 then I highly recommend a Pentax K1000.

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      • Ju Rautsi says

        Serial numbers are important but what about the phone number of the beautiful young lady in the last picture. She reminds me of my Norwegian colleague who saw a polar bear attack her husband. The bear was already tearing the man in shreads when she managed to grab his M3! She remembered not to use harmful substances when cleaning blood from the Summicron. She remembered to wipe it with her clean soft cotton shirt (or chamois leather) with circular movements starting at the edge of the lens. .

    • Jussi Rautsi says

      Hi everybody,
      Having read these comments I can now accept myself better than before. My wife left me because I spent all my time with my M3. So did all my girlfriends. Now I’m absolutely alone with my M3, but happy. I have two M6s but I sleep only with the M3.
      Thanks for the psychological relief

  1. says

    Wonderful stuff.

    I discovered rangefinder photography a few years ago through a friend who’s a Leica enthusiast.

    I started with a Voiglander Bessa, loved that and moved on to a Leica M7.

    That’s been a great intro to M cameras, but there’s something missing and I’m not quite connecting with it the same way I did with my old Pentax K1000 student camera and other film cameras.

    I’m thinking its the automation making me lazy and inhibiting learning.

    I’ve long looked at the M3’s but like many here found the lack of in built metering intimidating.

    Just do it seems a good philosophy! It’ll force me to learn, much like developing my own B&W film again has done and the rewards have been great!

    I’ve bookmarked this to read in detail later, as well as your sunny 16 article. Thanks for sharing.

    • says

      Hey James,
      Thanks! I’m glad you enjoyed this review.

      For me, there isn’t anything quite like a fully manual camera. It’s quite an amazing to get your negatives back from you first roll of guessed exposures and see that there are pictures! You can look at them and truly say “I took that picture”. Conversely, you can only blame yourself for the mistakes!

      It absolutely forces you to really learn photography. About using Sunny16: Remember to expose for the shadows. That’s probably the best single bit of advice I can give you.

      Thanks for reading and I hope to see you around here soon!


      PS: are you on Flickr?

  2. says

    Thanks Emanuele, yes I’m on Flickr and just added you as a contact, I’ll take a better look at all this information and your images later and look forward to it, great blog with lots of useful well written information.

    Indeed I know what you mean! It was enough of a buzz to start developing B&W at home again and see results, so I’m looking forward to a more serious delve into film photography now.

    I love digital too, and believe a great many skills can be transferred – I’m not someone who falls into one camp exclusively.

    That said, there’s just something magical about film, and indeed prints, that I rarely feel when shooting digital images.

    I have several film cameras and love using all of them for their very distinct styles and quirks.

    Thanks for taking the time to share all this information… you’ve set me on a path to something new! Or should I say old.

  3. says

    Excellent review of the M3, Emanuele.
    I’ve been enjoying mine quite a lot, especially for travel where it gets most of its use. It’s perfect for the busy streets of Asia, where I often find myself.

    Although I’ll never give up my digital camera, the M3 would be my choice if I was forced to choose between them.



  4. says

    i am using a Leica M3 purchased new sometime in the previous century!
    OK in 1967. It was not perfect..assembly finished in South Africa. Yup.
    It is my favorite camera. It is the Film camera. I enjoy digital but in P/S..
    The Leica M3 is in a class of it’s own.
    We have been together so long, my M3 is named Ziggy.
    Seen the birth of my daughter to her wedding..
    Later photos of the grandchildren.
    Sometimes i think i prefer a SLR.
    Yet the basic very sophisticated simple viewfinder sucks me in.
    Is it a camera for life? As long as there is film esp. B/W easily processed by self,
    images will be captured and kept.

    • says

      Thanks for dropping Jason,

      Hehe, more proof that the M3 is truly a “camera for life”.

      I think you’ve put it very well calling it “the” film camera.

      I hope I will still be using it in 46 years!


  5. justin says

    i say its ridiculous the way you make a weird specialized group of photographers. there are people who take photographs and enjoy it immensly, people who take photographs, and people who take photographs for money, and people can take photographs for money and like it immensly or not. there is no real photographer, just people who take photographs. would you call half of diane arbus’s photographs not worthy becuase she used a flash? i take it back, there is one more group of people who take photographs and they are people who are ridiculous, and you are one of them. bashing people who take photographs becuase you dont like their style? immature and who isnt always trying to find their way around photography?

    • says

      Hey Justin,
      Perhaps you are new around these parts, and you don’t know how things work. All the articles are light-hearted and are meant purely as an expression of personal opinion.

      I enjoy “photography”, whether it’s shot with film or digital, with or without flash and if it’s heavily edited on the computer or “straight out of the camera”.

      Clearly, you didn’t read the section on flash carefully otherwise you would have seen the disclaimer:

      “PS: Of course, you can use flash! You shouldn’t let anyone, especially me, tell you what you can and cannot do! “

      Live and let live.


  6. says

    Hello Emanuele,

    First of all, thanks for your comment on my post about the M3.
    Yes, I have been using the M3, and other M Leicas, for some decades now, and it still makes my heart throb…
    Nevertheless I must disagree with you in some points, mainly on this: the finder of the M3 is not the one I prefer, except if I am using the 90 or 135mm lenses. Otherwise I rather prefer the finder of the M2 or M4.
    (That may be because I like a lot to use the Summicron 35mm?…)
    I don’t appreciate that much the round corners of the M3 frame lines (50mm), but that is just my opinion of course!
    By the way, I also think that good photographers should learn how to use external meters (reflected + incident metering!), no matter how good they can “feel the light”.
    Master photographers might also use flash, but they might do it in a way that you don’t even notice it, they make it look like natural light!
    The photographs on your article look very nice!
    I enjoyed reading it!
    Greetings from Portugal,

    • says

      Hey Rui,
      Thanks for dropping by.

      I agree about viewfinder..if one prefers lenses that are wider than 50mm, then an M2 or M4 is the camera to use.

      I think for any work were results are a must (i.e. a wedding) then an external light meter is necessary. You want to nail the exposure every single time. For “street”, travel and informal photography I think one can get away with the Sunny16 Rule.

      +1 on the flash.

      Thanks again!


  7. Anonymous says

    M3 in a sentence:

    Great viewfinder, amazing build quality, easily serviced, looks fantastic, but it doesn’t have a hotshoe, light meter and needs a adapters for wide angle lenses.

    Still a great camera, but if you’ve used one like me, you’ll soon realise it’s not perfect. Probably best to get a nice M6 to pair with it.

  8. Anonymous says

    Mate!!, can’t wait to read your real-world review really enjoy reading it so far, my m3 is on the way so excited.


  9. says

    Driving while intoxicated…
    I came across your site less than a week ago and while checking articles and photographs something happend, a sort of reconnection with my beginning in photography, the dream of becomming a photographer and all that. And while being annoyed with the seemingly unnessesary complexity of a camera I bought less than two weeks ago I made a choice which gave a rush, the kind of high one gets from the choice of realizing a dream. So, while driving under the influence, intoxicated with the idea of reconnection with photography I found myself home again with not one but two new cameras, knowing well enough it’s not about the camera; then again, in a small way it is. I’ve gone back to analog with the Pentax K1000 and my long-awaited-now-realized-dream of owning and shooting a Leica M3. It feels right to be back on track, thinking about composition, about light, always about light; just like in the beginning.

    Have: Canon 7D
    Want: 35 mm B/W film


  10. says

    Looking at the specs, the M3 is a very basic, no frills camera. No light meter, fiddly rewind knob. So what’s the fuzz about it all? Who needs it??

    (S)he whoever wants to appreciate what real photography is like. No safety net, no holding hands, no telling the photographer what to do.

    I regard it as THE ultimate camera. It’s an absolute delight to shoot with her, the shutter reponds immediately, extremely well built. Mine is over 50 y/o and I hope to be in a similar good shape once I have reached her age. The shutter is butter smooth, I can shoot 1/30 with ease, even pushed my luck to 1/15. The built quality is stellar. I am sure the digital M’s have their appeal, but only film M’s can proclaim to be an investment for life. Most sensors outdated, digital back and all the rest of it. Forgettaboutit.

    The M3 forces one to focus on the essential. Shutter speed and aperture, perhaps pulling/pushing the film afterwards. Need a good light reading? Use an external or simply sunny-16. Sunny-16 is “Good enough” to shoot from the hip unless we are talking about modern unforgiving emulsions.

    The M3 is a whole class by itself.

  11. says

    Your review is one of the many reasons that inspired me to buy an M3, my Dad used to sell them in the 60’s and brought one home to borrow when I was a kid. Of course I didn’t understand what an iconic camera it would be. I just remember being allowed to hold for a moment because it was so heavy and expensive. My Dad couldn’t afford one back then. Thank you for rekindling old memories, Andrew

  12. says

    “Erik Kim uses flash on a Leica. That alone is enough reason not to use flash on the M3.” Lol, what a poser! Excellent and fun review, and just like the M3; contains all you need and nothing you don’t.

  13. Marvin says

    After reading this awesome article, I now know what a mistake I’m doing by selling my Leica camera that was given to me by a friend.

  14. Jussi Rautsi says

    Dear all, maybe it’s good that Emanuele didn’t publish my story about the Nowegian woman who preferred to save the M3 when a polar bear attacked her husband. I’m a third generation Leica user who changed from a IIIb to M3 in the sixties. My father covered the Russo-Finnish winter war and five more war years with the little IIib. I used it for 25 years. A pocket size wonder, really. I’ve had five M3s. Here is some advice. All M3s are now old cameras. Shutter curtains are not eternal, vulcanite dries, the finder unit’s glue starts to get yellow and there’s nothing you can do about all this. If you want to do serious photography with an M3, buy a late batch one (the newer the better), an unopened camera is a better buy than a badly serviced one with destroyed too tight screws etc.because you’ll have to have it serviced anyway Pay 50 euros extra for the repair mechanic to make him use some extra time on the CLA, Buy a Leicameter MR that works properly (forget selenium cell meters), buy spare curtains if somebody sells. Use a lupe and led torch to check all screws and inside stuff (the camera can look nice but is made so to sell). If it comes to the market as mint, ask why is it mint? Unused or something seriously wrong? Buy two bodies because film changing is slow. Avoid extreme temperatures: I’ve used an M3 in minus 40 Celsius to plus 40, but don’t do it too often. Don’t point your camera to the sun, my curtains have burned 3 times (hanging on my side!). Don’t bring your camera from minus temperatures to room temperature suddenly: the condesation water needs to be dried in Solms. Use common sense. Don’t let Leica mythology mix up your mind. Buy Dennis Laney’s Leica Camera and Lens Book, 7th edition with the excellent lens section By Erwin Puts. Use 1000 euros to buy an sound M6 just for sure. Happy hunting! Thanks for Emnuele for this opportunity.

  15. says

    Love this article on the m3, the only thing i would disagree on is the x100. I love my x100, but we can agree to disagree. Thanks for the article, I’m reading through the rest of your site and loving it as well

  16. Toby Madrigal says

    I had a legacy a few years ago. Before the money came I had a small list in my mind what I wanted, and a Leica M3 was one of those items. I chose the M3 over the M2 as I planned to get the 35mm Summaron lens with ‘spectacles’ as well as a 50, 90 and 135 mm lenses. The 35 arrived before the body. I bought an early (1955) double stroke that had plenty of brass showing. However, it had just been serviced. My next lens was a collapsible 90 f4, followed by a 135mm Hektor. A 50 f2.8 collapsible completed the lineup. I also bought the Leicameter MC selenium although I already had a Weston Master V. My camera attracts attention only from distinguished-looking elderly gentlemen of whom there are quite a few in the university cities of Oxford and Cambridge where I spend a lot of my spare time. Living in a remote village deep in the Derbyshire Peak District here in the UK, I sometimes go to the hustle and bustle of a city to make a change from the quiet of Winster. I am pleased my camera does not need batteries, I take it abroad every year, confident that it will not let me down. Digital? Well, I have my mono negs scanned to a CD so my 1955 M3 becomes a digital camera and I don’t have to learn about pixels/setting the White balance/ fringing/RAW/JPEG/etc etc. A foreign language!

    • says

      Haha that’s how I feel! Whenever I pick up a digital camera I get a headache just looking at all the buttons, and I actually work with technology for a living!

  17. says

    Excellent read and very useful to me as I’m about to tame the ‘M3′ plunge.

    One question though, did you attend the Ken Rockwell ‘School’ or camera reviewing? :D

  18. Lizzie says

    Have just been given my Dads Leica M3. It’s in perfect condition… far as I can see…..but sadly I am not a photographer. Any idea of a good place to sell? And value?

    • says

      I would still get the insides checked out by a professional. It may look great on the outside, but not be fully functional. Ebay is not a bad place. You could also try the Leica forums, I believe they have a classifieds section.

  19. Jason says

    I am very surprise no one mentioned a word about this…

    I own a Leica owner and I have played and own m2, m3, m7, mp.

    From my knowledge. M3 only have ONE frameline and that’s 50mm. That is why you see 35mm lens with goggles on it such as 35/1.4 summilux version one, some early ones of 35/1.4 summilux version 2. 35/2 summicron version 1…. Etc

    This was they way Leica try to fix the problem of not having the appropriate frameline other than just using another external viewfinder.

    Then the M2 came around with 35/50/90 framelines. Which is a consumer version of the legendary MP originals. Not only until M4, when more framelines are introduced.

    The viewfinder magnification on m3 is x0.9 while the one on m6/7/9 or 240 is normall 0.72 which goes as wide as 28mm. Leica a la carte program allow customers to order x0.58 or c 0.85 magnifications which change the frameline orders a bit.

    You will also notice from the from of the camera, that m3 does not have the frameline selector under its viewfinder window.

    For people who prefer 50mm, m3 is definitely the king. If you are uncertain, m2 is the winner and it is one of the most unique and well built Leica of all time.

  20. BJ says

    Reading this lovely review makes me sad because I had two M3s (958130 and 1070440), an M2 (1013820), 35mm Summaron (2311404), 50mm Elmar (1142785), 50mm NF Summicron with “spectacles” (1586026), 90mm Summicron (2751650) and 135mm Tele-Elmar (2458777) as well as a beautiful little Leica table tripod and several B/W filters ……. but they were all stolen.


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